Cathedral in Barcelona is the main religious institution of the city, and is also the residence of the Bishop of Barcelona.
Barcelona gothic Cathedral, which is officially named the Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia (Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia), is one of the most famous sights of Barcelona. People call it simply La Seu Cathedral. The cathedral is located in the heart of the city, in the Gothic quarter.
The modern building, designed in the Gothic style, was built between the 12th and 15th centuries on the site of the Romanesque cathedral, which was built earlier in the 11th century. The basis of the construction was the Romanesque basilica of the 6th century, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Eulalia and destroyed by the Moors in the year 985.
The legend has it…
Today’s La Seu Cathedral Barcelona is dedicated to St. Eulalia, who is recognized a patron of Barcelona. Legend has it that Saint Eulalia was a young girl when she was martyred for the Christian faith in the 4th century. According to Catalan legend Eulalia was left naked in the central square of Barcelona, to humiliate and force her to submit, however, miraculously, right in the middle of spring, snow had covered her nakedness.
The Enraged Roman authorities subjected the thirteen year old girl to various tortures, one for each year of Eulalia’s life, and eventually crucified her, a martyr on the cross. It’s an interesting fact that nowadays 13 white geese live in the yard of the cloister, it’s in memory of Eulalia breeding geese in her house in the village of Sarria.
Construction of the Cathedral Barcelona began in 1298, and finally completed only in 1913. The main building was built in the 15th century, but the work with the facade was finished by 1889. Completion of the construction was based on the drawings of Rouen Cathedral, so today the temple combines the features of the French and Spanish Gothic.
The building of the Cathedral in Barcelona Spain is the undisputed masterpiece of architecture and has a great artistic value. Separately, it should be noted there are 25 chapels, each of which is decorated with altar, reliefs and paintings. In addition, the altar of the cathedral which is decorated with wood carvings presents an artistic interest. It was consecrated in 1337. The choruses attract attention because of the famous wooden chairs, which are decorated with coats of arms of various orders of chivalry.
It is interesting to explore the church garden, cloister, which is decorated with columns, and has a beautiful small lake and is surrounded by chapels.
As to the spiritual values of the famous Cathedral in Barcelona, it is also significant. The main shrine is, undoubtedly, the sarcophagus, containing the remains of Santa Eulalia, which is located in the crypt under the choir. The alabaster sarcophagus, which was created by Pisa architect Lupo di Francesco was placed in a crypt in 1339, standing on 8 columns and decorated with scenes of the martyrdom of the virgin Eulalia.
Another spiritual wealth of the Cathedral Barcelona is considered to be the image of Christ. According to the legend, this image was on the ship of Juan de Asturias during the Battle of Lepanto. Today, it is placed in the hall of Kapitulyarny Council.
In addition, the tombs of the aristocracy, including the most famous sarcophagus of Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelonain are located in the altar of the Cathedral and in the chapels. It is also believed that during the construction of the Gothic cathedral, Count of Barcelona Ramon Borrell, Alfonso Free, Count of Barcelona and King of Aragon and other members of the nobility were buried there.
The cathedral has five doors. Among them:
The central entrance, which is a major one today and leads to the Cathedral Square (Plaza de la Catedral). It is designed in the Gothic Revival style and is decorated with figures of angels, saints and kings.
St. Ivo portal (Portal de San Ivo) – is the oldest of the portals that served as the main entrance to the cathedral for five hundred years. It is made of marble and stone which was quarried on the mountain of Montjuic.
Piedad portal (Puerta de La Piedad) leads to the cloister (courtyard).
Portal of Santa Eulalia (Puerta de Santa Eulalia) also leads to the cloister and is decorated with statues of saints martyrs.
Portal St. Lucia (Puerta de Santa Lucía) leads to the chapel of St. Lucia, adjacent to the building of the cathedral.
How to get there
Walking through the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona find the Carrer del Bisbe street, which starts from Piazza San Jaume. It is a pedestrian street, so walking through it you can admire views of the cathedral. In addition, interesting shops are waiting for the visitors on both sides of the street. The best views of the Cathedral opens with de la Seu square.
The address of the Cathedral in Barcelona: Pla Seu, Barcelona, 08002
Metro station: Jaume I (line 4)
You can take the elevator from Chapel of the Cathedral to the observation deck at the dome. Cost of pleasure – 2,20 EUR.
The best time for visiting the Cathedral with a minimum of tourists is immediately after opening or in the evening. If you want to visit the interior of the Cathedral “to the max”, it makes sense to buy Barcelona Cathedral tickets: choirs, assembly hall and an observation deck on the roof.
VISITING TIMES FOR THE CATHEDRAL:
WEEK DAYS AND SATURDAYS
8.00-12.45 (Cloister: 8.30-12.30):
Entry with donation
17.15-19.30 (Cloister: 17.15-19.00):
SUNDAYS AND HOLIDAYS
8.00-13.45 (Cloister: 8.30-13.00):
Entry with donation
17.15-19.30 (Cloister: 17.15-19.00):