Australia is the smallest continent and is also the largest island. Nowhere else in the world will you find such a harmony between man and flora and fauna which was preserved from ancient times. Amazing Aboriginal culture exists alongside modern cities. What to see in Australia?
Melbourne Australia attractions
One of the most beautiful cities of Australia is the capital of the State of Victoria – Melbourne. It is known for the unique combination of ultra-modern constructions and ancient buildings. Melbourne is not only the largest financial and business center of Australia, it’s a location where there are dozens of international and national festivals. This city has many restaurants featuring a variety of cuisines from around the world.
Some of the most popular sites for tourist interest in Melbourne are the Royal Mint, St. Patrick’s Cathedral, National Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, the building of the University of Melbourne, State Library, the National Museum of Victoria and the National Gallery of Victoria.
Tourist attractions in Sydney Australia
In any Australian guidebook you will find the Opera House. This amazing building is the main attraction of the capital of New South Wales – Sydney. The Opera House was erected to the design of Dane Jørn Utzon in 1973. The roof of the theater is covered with small tiles and is built in the shape of four shells, which is capable, in certain lights, of creating thousands of the most unusual color effects that arouse admiration in any person.
Another important attraction is the Sydney Harbour Bridge, which is over a kilometer in length. Other significant sites include the Sydney Olympic Stadium that hosted the Sydney Olympics in 2000; the Sydney Aquarium, which is a collection of the rarest marine animals and strange fish placed in a beautiful aquarium, which are located above the heads of visitors; the Sydney Tower – one of the tallest buildings in the southern hemisphere.
Natural attractions in Australia
The small population of the Northern Territory, at the time of Federation, would not allow it the status of State. Nowadays it is a home to just 200,000 people, the vast majority of whom are Aboriginal. In the Northern Territory, you can hear more than 70 languages spoken by the local population. These lands are host to the people who have been living here, with little change in their customs and way of life, for over 60,000 years.
The Northern Territory is the ideal place for those tourists who want to get acquainted with Australia in its original form. Huge unpopulated areas, natural monuments and typical Australian flora and fauna attract lovers of the exotic from around the world.
A striking example is the famous MacDonnell Ranges. The wealth of flora and fauna is driven by the local water sources. The eucalyptus trees, bee-eaters and wallabies feel at ease on the vast MacDonnell.
Another must see in the Northern Territory is the 863m Uluru (Ayers Rock). While climbing it is now greatly discouraged, it is a magnificent site presenting different aspects during the day as the sun moves. It has become the emblem of this central part of the Australian continent.
Mention must also be given to Kings Canyon, which is also located in the Northern Territory. At the very bottom of the gorge you can see the so-called Garden of Eden – a beautiful oasis with mountain pools.
The capital of the region is Darwin, which is home to three-quarters of the population of the Northern Territory.
Darwin has become a very popular tourist destination because of its location close to Kakadu National Park. There are dangerous predators like crocodiles. During monsoon season, rainwater, which flows down from the rocks turns the valley of Kakadu into a lake.
Litchfield is another National Park of Northern Territory. It presents a network of waterfalls, forming lakes and pools. The palm groves of Litchfield is home to numerous fauna.
Western Australia attractions
Perth is the capital of Western Australia and one of the big cities of the country. A tourist attraction of the city is Perth Bell Tower. It is a unique landmark and of unique design. It is a pointed tower of glass, which is shaped like two huge sails and houses The Swan Bells, twelve bells originally hung in St Martin-in-the-Fields Church in London.
Another attraction of Perth is the local mint, which recounts the history of gold mining in Australia.
Near the city there are sandy beaches where you can sunbathe and swim most of the year.
Just a 30-minute drive north of Perth city center you can find the West Australian aquarium AQWA, which is located in Hillarys Boat Harbour. Don’t miss this opportunity to admire a fantastic variety of Australian marine animals. If you love nature you could visit Cohunu Koala Park. It’s one of the few places in the world where you can hold a koala.
Yanchep National Park is always ready to open its doors to all who wants to get acquainted with the cultural life of Aboriginal people.
The heart of Perth is Kings Park, a very popular destination for both tourists and locals. Kings Park has viewing platforms, which offers a wonderful panoramic view of the central business part of Perth city with tall buildings, as well as the Swan River.
Not far from Perth (270km or 167 miles), in the valley of the Margaret River, is one of the largest wine-producing areas of the country. White wine “Sauvignon Blanc” has become famous to the whole world for its exquisite taste and enticing aroma.
South Australia attractions
The state South Australia is located in the central southern part of the continent. Adelaide is the capital of South Australia, is a big city with a population of about 1.3 million. The city is surrounded by parks, golf courses, botanical and zoological gardens. If you are learning Australian history and culture, visit the Adelaide museum, where you can see a collection of Aboriginal culture and also be exposed to works of art from Melanesia.
At 55 km from Adelaide there is the wine center of the country, which is called the Barossa Valley. Here you can visit the cellars of “Kaiser Stuhl”.
The third largest Australian island, Kangaroo Island is located close to Adelaide. It is a real wilderness area of Australia. On the western part of the island there is a Flinders Chase reserve, where there are koalas, emus and geese.
South Australia holds such local attractions as Coober Pedy opal fields, Adelaide Hills and areas of the famous vineyards.
Tourist attractions in Australia Brisbane
Brisbane is the third largest city in Australia, and is the capital of Queensland. In recent years, the city became one of the most progressive centers. Brisbane is known for interesting areas of architecture, cozy cafes, a park on the river bank, business center and plenty of nightlife.
Particular attention should be paid to the botanical garden, which is located seven kilometers from the city center, as well as the Queensland Cultural Centre. There are many exhibitions, a public art gallery, a museum and a library there.
The reserve Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary attracts animal lovers. Also pay attention to the Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium. In the mini-theater at the Planetarium you can watch a presentation about the stars, astronomy and space research.
Australian tourist attractions in Tasmania
Tasmania is the smallest state in Australia, which is located on the island of the same name. More than half of the island’s territory is made up of beautiful parks, which is evidence that the nature of this place is unique and attractive.
As for recreational facilities, the majority of visitors prefer to spend time on the beaches. There are suitable places for snorkeling and for families with children on the island.
Perhaps the most famous attraction here is the old Port Arthur prison. It was built in 1830 when Tasmania had a Statute of the island of convicts.
The most beautiful place here is considered the Southwest National Park. Another famous nature reserve, Cradle Mountain National Park, is located southwest of the city of Launceston. It’s main feature is a crystal clear lake surrounded by high, green hills. The famous waterfall, Liffey Falls, is even closer to Launceston. Every traveller should see the sights of Hobart, including the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens and Mount Wellington.
Canberra Australia attractions
The road to the capital of Australia passes through tiny historic towns. On arrival in Canberra you can visit the Australian War Memorial, and then look at the city from the observation deck on Mount Ainslie. There is also a magnificent view of the city from interior and exterior lookouts at Telstra Tower. Here you can see the panoramic view of Canberra from a height of 195 meters.
Don’t forget to visit the “Questacon” (Australian National Science and Technology Centre), the zoo and James Cook Memorial. You can listen to music at the National Carillon on Sundays and Wednesdays between 12.30 and 1.20 pm. In the city center you can buy souvenirs and enjoy of the unique atmosphere of the capital.
One of the sights of Canberra is the new Parliament building, holding the House of Representatives and the Senate. Here, during the tour you can learn many interesting things about the Australian state and its history.
In addition to these Australian attractions, it is necessary to pay attention to things such as the Great Barrier Reef, which is one of the largest coral structures in the world and the Blue Mountains, which is a unique nature reserve and natural monument located near Sydney. These mountains are called blue because of the haze created by the evaporation of oils from the extensive eucalyptus forests.